I have previously written about ripping DVDs on Linux, ripping Blu-Rays on Windows and a few other posts on movie management. Lately, I have mostly been using Windows 8.1 and therefore done most of the ripping and management of DVDs, Blu-Rays and digital content on the Windows platform. My living room PC is however still using Ubuntu.
A colleague asked me how automated the ripping and management of DVDs and Bly-Rays was, and inspired me to write an update on the topic and explain how I do it. I am sure there are plenty of other ways to do this, but what I describe here works for me.
In Norway “Åndsverksloven” (in English it would be something like “the intellectual property law”) controls the use of intellectual property like movies and tv-series. §53.a permits private citizens the circumvention of copy protection to privately play back the content on relevant equipment. I would therefore argue that ripping a DVD or a Blu-Ray to play it back on my media center is completely legal i Norway. Please check your local legislation, it may be different.
The whole purpose is to copy the movie or TV-series from the disc and to a storage media of choice. I store all my digital content on a media center PC with several hard drives.
To copy a Bly-Ray and a DVD you would need to have something like AnyDVD HD installed to remove the copy protection. Just install it and use Windows Explorer to copy the content. The copy protection is removed on the fly. I bought a life time licence of AnyDVD HD a few years back and it has been well worth the money.
For a Blu-Ray, I use BDInfo to identify the stream containing the main feature (the movie). You would normally look for the longest stream. Sometimes there are streams containing extra material like deleted scenes and commentary. Make sure that you select the right file before you copy it by playing back a few seconds. I recommend something else than Windows Media Player because it does not (always?) play back DTS/DTS-HD, at least on my PC. Mostly, I use VLC.
The folder “[Blu-Ray]:\BDMV\STREAM” always contains the video and sound streams you would want to copy. These are most of the time located in one file, and the one you would like is normally the largest file in the folder. I simply copy this file to where I want to store the movie. This would of course not copy any extra material on the disc, just the movie itself. The stream typically contains the movie, one or more audio tracks in English and/or more languages, and subtitles (presentation graphic) in various languages.
I normally copy whole DVDs to the hard drive using AnyDVD HD. This is particularly useful if you want to later transcode several DVDs at the same time. This may also be done with Blu-Rays using the same “Rip Video DVD to hard drive function” (sorry for the Norwegian screenshot).
Then I transcode the movie using Handbrake to give me one file containing the main feature of the disc. I do not include or copy extra material for DVDs either. If the movie is in a foreign language, I would recommend adding any audio tracks and subtitles you would need to enjoy the movie. I always use the “High profile” settings. However, feel free to play around with it to find your sweet spot between quality and size. High profile gives me a file around 1-1.5 GB. Finally, copy the movie file to where you want to store it. You may want to queue up several movies and transcode then when you are not using the computer. My PC-typically uses about 10-15 minutes to transcode a DVD movie of 90 mins. If you are low on hard disc space you may want to transcode your Blu-Rays as well to save a bit of space. Experiment with settings that match your space and quality requirements.
The process for TV-series is basically exactly the same as for movies. However, you will have to copy several tracks from the Blu-Rays, and transcode several tracks from the DVDs. The TV-series are typically around the same length and ordered on the disc in the same order as you would like to watch them. Be a bit careful to get the order right, it makes viewing them more enjoyable 🙂
To properly identify the content, the files need proper names. Giving the content proper names makes managing it a whole lot easier, and it makes the automated tools in for instance XBMC work a lot better.
For a movie I simply find it in IMDB, copy the name and the year and use that as the file name. I actually insert “.” instead of ” ” (spaces), but this is not necessary. I always use the original name of the movie, but this is also a matter of taste. Sometimes it could be a bit confusing having all the chines names.
For TV-series you would typically rip 10-25 episodes per season. To easily rename them I use two tools. First, I use Bulk Rename to give the files names that identify the episodes like “S03E01”, “S03E02” and so on. Remember again to give the right file the right episode number.
To manage the physical disc, I use My Movies. They have an online library for you to show off, and an app for Android (and I believe iOS and Windows Phone). I warmly recommend it and supporting them by for instance buying an app.
To manage the digital content, I use XBMC. As mentioned above, naming the files properly makes it very easy for the scrapers in XBMC to download all the posters, fan art and information about your series and movies.
Optional and sometimes required
In some cases, the main feature on a Blu-Ray is split across several video/audio streams (files). This is fortunately not that common. To repair the situation you would like use TSMuxer to join several files together to one file.
TSMuxer may also be used to remove streams you would not like to include. A file may for instance contain two video streams (HD and SD), several audio streams (different formats and languages) and subtitles in a number of different languages. These may be removed by using TSMuxer to create a new file containing only the streams you would like to keep. This again would save you some space.